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亞博網頁登陸 | 2009-04-22

youyuwoguoduijixiejichujianzaijixiegongyezhongdezhongyaodiweishuxijiaowan,changqiquefatouru,zhishizhenggexingyejichucha、dizibo、shiliruo。feifanshisuizhuwoguozhujishuipingdetigao,jixiejichujianluohouyuzhujidepingjingxianxiangriyixianxian。jinnianlai,suiranzaijishuyinjin、jishugaizao、keyankaifadengfangmian,guojiageiyuleyidingzhichi,danyudangqianshichangxuqiujiguowaishuipingxiangbi,rengyoubuxiaochaju,jutibiaoxianzai:chanpinpinzhongshao、shuipingdi,zhiliangbuwending,zaoqiguzhanglvgao,kekaoxingcha。

woguojixiejichujianchanpinpinzhong、guigeshao,feifanshigaodangchanpinchajujiaoda,bunengmanzuzhujiriyifazhandexuqiu。muqian,geleizhujijichujiandexingnengzhibiaodatixiangdangyuguowai 20 shiji 80 niandaishuiping。zhiliangbuwending,zaoqiguzhanglvgao,kekaoxingcha,shijichujiandezhimingruodian。yinci,bushaozhujichangweitigaoqizhujideshichangjingzhengli,wangwangxuanzejinkoujichujianpeitao,zhishiguochanjichujian,feifanshijishuhanliangjiaodidechanpin,guoneishichangzhanyoulvyousuoxiajiang。suiranwoguojichujianchanpinchukouyoumingxianyoushi,danzhuyaoshilaodongmijixingchanpin,shuliangda,jiazhidi,jishufujiazhibugao。

當前,我國機械基礎件行業存在以下主要問題

yishizhongfujiansheyanzhong,zhuanyehuachengdudi,xingbuchengguimo,jingjixiaoyicha。jixiejichujianyuzhujixiangbi,qiyejianlidechushizijinhejishusuoxutouruxiangduijiaoshao,yincizaiguojiajicijingjidafazhanshiqi,douzengjialeyipijichujianshengchanqiye,suizhiyechuxianledaliangdishuipingdezhongfujianshe,dianduo、piliangxiao,xingbuchengjingjiguimo。jichujianqiyesuiranzhujianduliyuzhujichang,dandaduoshuqiyebenshenjiushidaerquan、xiaoerquan,zhuanyehuachengdudi,zhuangbeishuipingbugao,zhiliangbuwending,jingjixiaoyidixia。ruwoguozhouchengxingyesanjiadaxingguganqiyenianchanzhouchengdezonghehuanbudaoguowaiyijiawenminggongside 50%。jinliangnian,woguojianchengjinbaijiayeyajianchang,dannianchan 30 wanjianyishangdezhiyoujijia,zhuyaochanpinshiweinongjipeitao。erdeguolishilegongsinianchangezhongyeyajianchanpin 130 wanjian,ribenyouyanyenianchan 60 wanjianyishang。gongyefadaguojiamojuqiyerenjunchanzhiyue 15 wan ~ 20 wanmeiyuan,woguozhiyou 4 wan ~ 5 wanyuanrenminbi。jinnianlai,suizhuduozhongsuoyouzhigongtongfazhanzhengcedeluoshi,jichujianxingyezhengjinglizhuyoufensandaozhujianjizhongdejiyuehuafazhanguocheng。

ershikeyankaifaliliangboruo,zijintourubuzu,jishujinbuhuanman。jichujiangexingyezai 20 shiji 70 niandaimo、80 niandaichujiujiaozaodiyinjinleyipiguowaixianjinjishu,danduixiaohuaxishouquefazugouderuanyingjiantouru。juguowaijingyan,yinjinjishuyuxiaohuaxishousuoxuzijindebiliyuewei1:7,erwoguoduicishuxijiaowan,xiaohuaxishoubuzijiaoman。shichangjingzhengshijishangshijishushilidejiaoliang。guowaiduicijiweizhongshi,fenfenjiadatouru,zhanlingjishuzhigaodian。gedawenminggongsiyongyukeyankaifadezijinjunzhanqixiaoshouede 4~5%,zhongdianlingyuda 10%。muqianwoguosuiranyoubushaogaodengyuanxiaocongshikeyangongzuo,bushaolilunyanjiu、keyanchengguo、zhuanlilunwenjunyouxiangdanggaodeshuiping,danyushengchanshijijiehedebujin,feifanshizhuanhuachengshangpindesuduman。

sanshiyuancailiaojixiangguanjishuluohou,gongyijigongyizhuangbeishuipingdi,zhiyuelejichujiandefazhan.jingujian、liantiao、danhuang、zhoucheng、mojudengchanpinsuoshiyongdegangcaizhiliangcha、pinzhongguigeshao,zhijieyingxianglejichujianchanpindezhiliang,eryeyajianzhujianyijiyuyeyajianchanpinzhiliangxiangguandediankongjishuluohou,yezhijieyingxiangyeyajianzhilianghekekaoxing。jixiejichujianyibandoushichengpi、daliangshengchan,yeyouduopinzhong、jiagongjingduyaoqiugaodechanpin,yinciduishengchangongyijiqizhuangbeiyaoqiugao,touzida。guowaiduocaiyonggaoxiaogaojingdudezhuanji、shengchanxianhuorouxingxian,shixiangaoxiaozidonghuashengchan。danwoguoyixiejichujianqiyeshouzijinzhiyue,tourulidubuda,qiyeziwogaizaonenglicha,xianjinshebeishaoyoubupeitao,yingxianglechanpinshangzhiliangshangdangci。

綜合分析,造成上述問題的主要原因在于

1. 企業基礎薄弱

youyuwoguojixiejichujianxingyejichucha,dizibo,kejitourushao,kaifaliliangboruo,bunengshiyingzhujixingyeyinjin、hezi、hezuo、kuaisufazhandexuyao,daozhijixiejichujianguoneishichangzhanyoulvyousuoxiajiang。

2. 國家缺乏對機械基礎件行業有力的政策支持

suiranguojiazaichanyezhengcefangmian,mingquelezhongdianzhichizhongyaodejixiejichujian,danqueshaoxiangyingdepeitaozhengcedezhichi,rumojuxingyedeshuifuguozhong,xiangshouzengzhishuibufenfanhuandeqiye,quanguozhiyoubudaobaijia,miantaizhai,zuoyongyouxian,huanxuyaozhengcejixuzhichideng。

yinci,weitigaowoguojixiejichujianchanpindeshichangjingzhengnengli,genghaodimanzuwoguojixiegongyeduiguochanjichujianpeitaodexuqiu,yujiwoguojichujianxingyemianlinjinyibudediaozheng,yizhengheyoushiziyuan,taotailuohouqiye。zaijinhoude5~10nianzhong,xingyejiangzaifazhanpinpaichanpinjimingpaiqiye、kaizhanjishuchuangxin、tigaoguoneiwaishichangjingzhengnenglihejiaqiangjiyuehuajingyingdengfangmianlizhengyoujiaodadejinzhanhetupo。


本文地址:http://zapped-it.net/news/industry/20090422626.html


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