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亞博網頁登陸 | 2009-10-15

閥門廣泛應用于國計民生的各個領域,由于要適應各種不同工況條件的要求,因而它的品種繁多數量巨大。我國的閥門制造業十分龐大,閥門廠家數以千計,遍布全國,目前我國已成為全球閥門產量和市場需求量最大的國家之一。但是我國的閥門行業大多為中小企業,良莠不齊,年產值超億元的不到 10 家,即使與國內其他機械行業相比,無論在裝備上還是技術水平上也存在很大的差距,真正具有獨立研究開發高端產品能力的單位很少,因而在大型石化、核電、油氣長輸管道線等重大工程項目中,配套的閥門目前主要還是靠進口。

dangqianfamenqiyedoufeichangzhongshixinchanpindekaifa。yingdangkandao,woguodefamengongyefazhandaojintian,suiranyuguojixianjinshuipingshangyouchaju,danyijingchaoyuelejiandandizhaobanxishoudejieduan。xunqiujinyibufazhandejishutujing,yingdangzaifenxijiejianguowaixianjinchanpindetongshi,conggengshendecengcishangduifamenjishufazhandequshihechanpinkaifadezouxiangjinxingzonghedefenxihesikao,nulikaifajuyouzizhuzhishichanquandexinchanpin。

一、以人為本,樹立人性化的產品設計理念

tongchangwomenzaichanpinshejizhongzhuyaokaolvdeshitadecaizhi、jiegou、jixieqiangdu、gongzuoxingneng、shiyongshoumingdengyaosu,zaipingjiafamendeyoulieshi,datishangyeshicaiyongzhexiezhibiao。suizhushidaidefazhan、shehuidejinbu,yirenweibendesixianglinianyijingshentoudaoshehuishenghuodegegelingyu,womencongzhufang、qiche、diannao、shouji、fuzhuangyijigezhonggongyongsheshizhongdounengmingxiandiganshoudaozheyibianhua,tamenconganquan、shushi、jieneng、huanbao、xinying、meiguandengzhuduofangmianzaimeiyigexijieshangdouxizhiruweidikaolvxiaofeizhedeganshou,tixianchuduirendeguanai。xianran,renxinghuadeshejibuyingzhijuxianyuriyongxiaofeipindefanchou,famenzuoweiyizhongliangdamianguang,guangfanyingyongyugongye、nongye、guofangbingyurenmenrichanggongzuoshenghuomiqiexiangguandejixiechanpin,yebunengzongshiyouyuchuantongdeshejilinianheshejifangfa,eryingdangkaituoxindesilu,zhuruxindelinian。

womenzaipouxiguowaixianjinchanpindeshihou,chulegexiangjishuxingnengzhibiaoyiwai,douhuizhuyidaotadezaoxingmeiguan、jiegoujingqiao、neiqiangqingjie、xijiekaojiu。liruweilefangzhierciwuran,jishishipaiwufayebucaiyonghanshimiandemifengtianliaohedianpian。youruweibimiancaozuorenyuandeshoubeihuashang,falandelianjieluoshuanduantoudoujiagongchenghumiandengdeng,zhexiejutixijieshangdechayi,yingdangyinfawomengengshencengcidesikao:taweishenmeyaozhemezuo?tazenmehuixiangdaoyaozheyangzuo?jielunbunengbuguijiedaorenxinghuadeshejilinianshangqu,congzheyicengmianshangqulijie,jiuhuishiwomendechanpinshejibuzaitingliuzaijiandandiyijieduan,ershicongrenjigongchengdejiaodu,conggengjiaanquan、kekao、jieneng、huanbao、qingjieshengchan、caozuoshushibianjie、yiyuchaizhuangweixiudengzhuduofangmianquzhanyansikao,fuyufamenzheyichuantongchanpinyiquanxindegainianhexingxiang,xingchengzijidetese。

二、關注材料科學的進展,將新材料新技術新工藝及時應用到閥門產品上來

suizhujishudejinbu,gongyeshengchanzhonggaowen、gaoya、shenleng、gaozhenkong、qiangfushi、fangshexing、judu、yiranyibaodenggaocanshufuzagongkuangriyizengduo,congerduifamenshiyongdeanquanxing、gongnengdekekaoxingyijishiyongshoumingdengfangmiantichulegenggaogengyangedeyaoqiu,suoyikaifashiyingyugaocanshugongkuangdegeleifamen,ziranjiuchengweifamenzhizaoye、gongchengshejibumenheyonghugongtongguanxindewenti,erjiejuewentidezhuyaojishuzhangai,changchangshicaizhishangde。

cailiaokexuebeirenweishixinshijizuijufazhanqianjingdexuekezhiyi,jinnianchuxianlexuduoxinxinggaoxingnengcailiao,rugezhongnamicailiao、chaodaocailiao、gongnengcailiao、youjihechenghegaofenzicailiao、wujifeijinshucailiaojigezhongfuhecailiaodeng,tongshichuxianxuduozhuzao、hanjie、penhan、pentu、fuhe、shaojiedengchengxinghebiaomianchulidexingongyihexinjishuzhuangbei。miqieguanzhucailiaogongchengyanfadexinxi、dongxianghechengguo,jishibatamenyingyongdaofamenchanpinshanglai,shikaifagaoxingnenggaocanshufamendeyitiaozhongyaodejishutujing。tebiezhideyitideshi,yigongyetaociweidaibiaodewujifeijinshucailiao,yongyunaiwennaifushinaichongshuadefajianshang,changchanghuiqudelianghaodexiaoguo。

三、將信息技術、人工智能技術融入閥門,實現一體化,是技術創新的新途徑

當前的時代,信息技術飛速發展,信息化智能化正不斷改變著工農業生產和人們社會生活的面貌。閥門作為控制管道中流體運動的終端執行機構,如果能夠將現代的計算技術、傳感技術、網絡及遙控技術以及智能技術植入閥門產品中去,將會賦予閥門以全新的概念,從而產生完全不同于原有產品的全新的結構和工作機理,實現閥門產品真正的升級換代。這方面近年來在調節閥、安全閥、減壓閥、疏水閥等類產品中已初見端倪。例如彈簧式安全閥是目前應用最廣泛的一種安全閥,但隨著生產裝置的大型化和高參數化,這種類型的安全閥在結構尺寸和可靠性上都難于滿足生產的要求,如果在安全閥內裝壓力傳感元件控制閥的快速啟閉,則安全閥將會是一種全新的模式。又如目前的疏水閥型式很多,其工作原理都是利用蒸汽與凝結水的溫度、密度、流速的差異,通過復雜的機構來實現閥門的啟閉,完成阻氣排水的功能。一種新型的疏水閥是將能夠識別氣液的元件與閥門結成一體,用以控制閥門的啟閉,按照這種思路設計的新型疏水閥,已有國外的報道。

四、擴展視野,建立大工程的概念,熟悉大型成套裝置的工藝特點,開發高技術高附加值的高端閥門產品

famenzuoweigongyeshengchanzhuangzhizhongdepeitaoshebei,duiyubaozhenggongyiguochengdeanquanzhengchangyunxingqizhushifenzhongyaodezuoyong。kaifaxindefamenchanpin,bunengtuoliyuzhijinmiguanliandeshengchanzhuangzhiheshengchangongyi。zaikejifeisufazhandejintian,gongyeshengchanzhongxinchanpin、xingongyi、xinliucheng、xinzhuangzhibuduanyongxian,congerduipeitaodefamenzaigongnengshang、jiegoushang、cailiaoshangyexiangyingditichulexindeyaoqiu。kaifaweitedingxingye、tedinggongyiliucheng“liangshendingzhi”degeleizhuanyongfamen,shixinchanpinkaifadezhongyao“ticai”,yeshizhongdajishuzhuangbeiguochanhuadepoqiexuqiu,ruhedianfamen、youqichangshuguanxianfamen、meihuagongjiangyefamendeng。weici,yaoyoudagongchengdegainian,jinpingnadaodejigeshejicanshu,jiufamenlunfamenshibuxingde,yaoduizhenggegongchenghechengtaozhuangzhiyouyigequanmianwanzhengdegainian,lejietadeshengchangongyi,shengchanhuanjing,caozuotiaojianyijigexiangxiangguanjishuguifandeng,zaizhegejichushang,cainenggousi、kaifa、shejichushiyinggongchengxuyaodeyoutesedechanpinlai,zhengxiangzuojiazhiyoushenrushenghuo,cainengchuangzuochuhaodezuopinyiyang。

famenpinleifanduo,qianchawanbie,shichangxuqiubuduanbianhua,famenzhizaochangjiadeshengchanguimohejishushuipingcanchabuqi,danfamenchanpinzaizongdefazhanqushihekaifadejishutujingshangqueyouzhuxuduogongtongzhichu。famenqiyeruonengjiehezishentiaojian,yanzhukexuedejishutujingquedingzijixinchanpindekaifamubiao,jiuhuishaozouwanlu,cujinwoguofamenxingyechixujiankangdifazhan。


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