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亞博網頁登陸 | 2010-06-03

woguodefamenxingyeyijingjinglilejishiniandefazhan。juguojiatongjiju 2008 niantongjishujuziliaoxianshi,zhongguofamenzhizaoyeguimoyishangqiyegongyou 1700 duojia,dangnianshengchanfamen 326 wandun,gongyezongchanzhi 1147 yiyuan,lirunzonge 63.90 yiyuan。yucitongshi,famenbiaozhunyededaolechangzudefazhan。jiezhidao 2008 nianniandi,youquanguofamenbiaoweihuiguikoudexianxingyouxiaofamenguojiabiaozhun 43 xiang,jixiexingyebiaozhun 98 xiang。youjichubiaozhun、fangfabiaozhun、chanpinbiaozhun、lingbujianbiaozhun、cailiaobiaozhundengwubufengoujiandewoguofamenbiaozhuntixiyeyiqueli。

famenchanpinguangfanyingyongyushiyou、huagong、hedian、yejin、dianli、shuili、daxingmeihuagongdengxingye,suizhufamenchanpinzongliangdebuduanzengjia,famenjishudebuduanfazhan,famenyingyonglingyudebuduantuokuan,yuzhiduiyingdefamenbiaozhunyuelaiyuezhangxianchuqizhongyaoxing。benwencongyixiajifangmianjieshaolefamenbiaozhundefazhangaikuang、tixigoucheng、biaozhunxianzhuang、caibiaoqingkuanghefazhandongxiang。

1 閥門標準發展概況

20 shijiwu、liushiniandai,woguofamenbiaozhunhuagongzuochushiqibu,zhidingdeshi jb93-1959《shoubing》he jb308-1962《famenxinghaobianzhifangfa》dengjiandanjichubiaozhun。

70 niandaiwoguokaishifamenlingbujiandexiliehuagongzuo,zhidingle jb17o1-1975《zhafafaganluomu》、jb1754-1975《jietou》dengdaliangdefamenlingbujianbiaozhun,shixianlefamenbujiandetongyihexiliehua。

80 niandaihou,suizhuwoguobiaozhunhuagongzuodejiaqiang,famenbiaozhundedaolexunsudefazhan。zheduanshijianzhidingdebiaozhunbaokuoyoujichubiaozhun、chanpinbiaozhun、cailiaobiaozhunhefangfabiaozhundeng。biaozhunzhongleiqiquan,fugaimianguang,qiexuduobiaozhuncaiyongleguojibiaozhunheguowaixianjinbiaozhun。

90 年代,閥門標準從由基礎性、通用性為主到包括各種產品標準、方法標準等。這期間制定的標準有 JB/8527-1997《金屬密封蝶閥》、JB/7748-1995《閥門清潔度和測定方法》等一批代表性標準,標準數量超過 100 項。

2000 nianyihou,biaozhunhuadegongzuojuyoushizhixingdejinzhan。yi,duibiaolingjiaochangdebiaozhunjinxinglezhengchangdexiuding;er,zhidingleyidapicaiyongguojibiaozhunhuoguowaixianjinbiaozhundewoguofamenbiaozhun;san,zhidinglexuduoshiyingshichangxuqiuhefanyingfamenxinjishudebiaozhunguifan。zheqijianzhixiudingfamenbiaozhun 80 duoxiang,shibiaozhunshuliangdadao 140 duoxiang,congerxingchenglewoguodefamenbiaozhuntixi。

2 我國閥門標準體系的構成

biaozhuntixishizhijiangquanxingyemianduishichangxuqiuhezhenduixingyeqiyechanpinshengchanjixinchanpinkaifazhong,youliyuzhizaoyushiyongshuangfangsuoxuquanbubiaozhundezonghe,bingshigexiangbiaozhunzhijianzaishiyongduixiang、fanweiheneirongdengfangmianxianghuguanlian、xianghuxiediao、xianghuzhiyue。biaozhuntixishihelifugaiquanxingyeshengchanhejishudekexueyoujiti,tongshiyeyaokaolvdaoyugexiangguanlingyudexianjieyupeihe。

muqian,woguofamenbiaozhuntixizhuyaoyouwugebufenzucheng,tixijiegoukuangjiatujiantu 1。

閥門標準體系框架圖(圖 1)
圖 1 閥門標準體系框架圖

diyibufenshijichubiaozhun,zhuyaoshiyongyugegongyelingyuyongfamen,yiguojiabiaozhunweizhu,baokuoshuyu、biaozhi、jiegouchangdu、xinghaobianzhidengbiaozhun;

dierbufenshifangfabiaozhun,baokuoxingnengshiyan、shoumingshiyanyijitanshangshiyandengbiaozhun;

第三部分是產品標準。基本上是按閥門結構分類而確定的,分為國家標準和行業標準。包括閘閥截止閥球閥旋塞閥蝶閥、隔膜閥、疏水閥、特種閥門、驅動裝置等標準;

disibufenshilingbujianbiaozhun。weichanpinbiaozhunpeitaoshiyongdelingbujianbiaozhun,yixingyebiaozhunweizhu,baokuofaganluomu、tianliao、tianliaoyagaidenglingbujian;

diwubufenshicailiaobiaozhun,baokuogangzhicailiao、tiezhicailiaoheyousejinshudengcailiaobiaozhun。

3 我國門門現行標準

截止到 2008 年年底,由全國閥門標委會歸口的現行有效閥門國家標準 43 項,機械行業標準 98 項。各類標準統計如《表 1》。

《表 1》 我國閥門標準統計
基礎標準 方法標準 產品標準 零部件標準 材料標準 工藝標準
16 17 45 53 8 2

(1) jichubiaozhunbufen:

這部分標準主要包括閥門的術語、分類、結構長度、型號編制及管道元件的公稱尺寸和壓力。這些標準是各類其他閥門標準的基礎。其中術語、分類等標準等對于規范專業術語、方便技術交流起到了重要的作用,而結構長度參數給閥門的設計、制造、選型等提供了指導。而且這些標準大多是按相應的國際標準起草的,很好地實現了國際的接軌。

zheleibiaozhundedaibiaoyou:

  • GB/T 21465-2008 《閥門術語》;
  • GB/T 12221-2005 《金屬閥門結構長度》;
  • JB/T 308-2004 《閥門型號編制方法》。

(2) fangfabiaozhunbufen:

這部分標準主要規定了各類閥門的性能試驗方法,包括工業閥門的壓力試驗、流量及流阻系數的試驗、耐火試驗、靜壓壽命試驗等通用試驗方法;以及安全閥、減壓閥蒸汽疏水閥等各種特性試驗方法。

zhexiebiaozhuntongyilexingyegeleifamendeshiyanfangfa,weikexuegongzhengpingjiafamenxingnengtigongletongyideyiju。tongshi,xianggongyefamenyalishiyan、zhengqishushuifaxingnengshiyandengbiaozhuncaiyongleguojibiaozhun;naihuoshiyan、anquanfaxingnengshiyandengbiaozhunfenbiecaiyongleyingguo、meiguodengxianjinguojiadebiaozhun,shibiaozhundejishushuipingdadaoguojixianjinhuoguojitongyongshuiping。

zheleibiaozhundedaibiaoyou:

  • GB/T 13927-2008 《工業閥門壓力試驗》;
  • GB/T 12245-2006 《減壓閥性能試驗方法》;
  • JB/T 8858-2004 《閘閥靜壓壽命試驗規程》;
  • JB/T 6899-1993 《閥門耐火試驗》。

(3) chanpinbiaozhunbufen:

zheleibiaozhunshifamenbiaozhundezhutibiaozhun,guidinglegeleifamenzhuyaogongzuocanshuhexingnengzhibiao、zhuyaoshejihezhizaojishuyaoqiuyijixiangyingdejianyanguizehejianyanfangfa。

zhexiechanpinbiaozhunjibenanfamenchanpindefenleierfenbiequeding,baokuotongyongdezhafa、qiufa、diefa、zhihuifa、gemofa、jianyafa、anquanfa,yebaokuozhuanmenyongtudegezhongfamen,rushiyouhuagongyongfa、qipingyongfa、dianzhanyongfa、changshuguanxianyongfamendeng,fugaileguoneigezhuyaojiegouhezhuyaoyongtudegezhongfamen。

zhexiebiaozhunchengxianlewoguofamenxianxingchanpindejibenjiegouheguigecanshu、fanyinglewoguofamenshejihezhizaodejishushuiping,tixianlexinchanpin、xinzhuanlideyingyongqingkuang。

zheleibiaozhundedaibiaoyou:

  • GB/T 12234-2007 《石油、天然氣工業用螺柱連接閥蓋的鋼制閘閥》;
  • GB/T 12238-2008 《法蘭和對夾連接彈性密封蝶閥》;
  • GB/T 19672-2005 《管線閥門技術條件》;
  • JB/T 7746-2006《緊湊型鍛鋼閥門》。

(4) lingbujianbiaozhunbufen:

zhebufenbiaozhunshifamenbiaozhunxiliehua、tongyonghuahebiaozhunhuadejichu。fenbieguidinglezhongdiya、gaoyahechaogaoyafamendelingbujianjiegou、chicunheyaoqiu。

zheleibiaozhundedaibiaoyou:

  • JB/T 1700-2008 《閥門零部件螺母、螺栓和螺塞》系列標準;
  • JB/T 1308.1~21-1999 《PN250MPa 超高壓閥門和管件技術條件》。

(5) cailiaobiaozhunbufen:

zheleibiaozhunshifamenbiaozhundepeitaobiaozhun,anzhaofamenchanpindetexing,guidinglegezhongpeitaoshiyongcailiaodehuaxuechengfen、lixuexingnengjizhiliangyaoqiudeng。

zheleibiaozhundedaibiaoyou:

  • GB/T 12225-2005 《通用閥門銅合金鑄件技術條件》;
  • GB/T 12228-2006 《通用閥門碳素鋼鍛件技術條件》;
  • GB/T 12229-2005 《通用閥門碳素鋼鑄件技術條件》;
  • GB/T 12230-2005 《通用閥門不銹鋼鑄件技術條件》。

4 我國閣門行業的采標情況

caiyongguojibiaozhunhecaiyongguowaixianjinbiaozhunshiwoguozhongyaodeyixiangbiaozhunhuazhengce。famenbiaozhunyejijiguanchelezheyizhengce,jichubiaozhun、fangfabiaozhunhechanpinbiaozhuncaiyongledaliangdeguojiheguowaixianjinbiaozhun,tigaolewoguofamenbiaozhunjishushuiping。

(1) caiyongguojibiaozhunqingkuang

對應于閥門的國際標準采標情況見《表 2》。

《表 2》 我國采用 ISO 標準對應情況
序號 國際標準編號 國際標準名稱(中文) 對應我國標準編號
1 ISO 6552:1980 自動蒸汽疏水閥 術語 GB/T 12250-2005 NEQ
2 ISO 6553:1980 自動蒸汽疏水閥 標志
3 ISO 6554:1980 自動蒸汽疏水閥 結構尺寸
4 ISO 6704:1982 自動蒸汽疏水閥 分類 GB/T 12247-1989 MOD
5 ISO 6948:1981 自動蒸汽疏水閥產品性能特征試驗 GB/T 12251-2005 NEQ
6 ISO 7841:1988 自動蒸汽疏水閥 蒸汽泄漏量的定義 試驗方法
7 ISO 7842:1988 自動蒸汽疏水閥 排水量測定 試驗方法
8 ISO 5208:2008 工業閥門.金屬閥門的壓力試驗 GB/T 13927-2008 MOD
9 ISO 5209:1977 通用閥門 標志 GB/T 12220-1989 MOD
10 ISO 5752:1982 管道用法蘭連接金屬閥門 結構尺寸 GB/T 12221-2005 MOD
11 ISO 5996:1984 鑄鐵閘閥
12 ISO 6002:1992 螺栓連接閥蓋的鋼制閘閥
13 ISO 7121:2006 工業用通用鋼制球閥 GB/T 12237-2006 NEQ
14 ISO 7259:1988 埋地用按鈕操縱的鑄鐵閘閥
15 ISO 10434:2004 石油、石化及相關工業螺栓連接閥蓋的鋼制閘閥 GB/T 12234-2007 NEQ
16 ISO 10497:2004 閥門試驗——耐火型式試驗的需求
17 ISO 10631:1994 通用金屬蝶閥 GB/T 12238-2008
18 ISO 12149:1999 螺栓連接閥蓋的通用鋼制截止閥
19 ISO 15761:2002 石油和天然氣工業用公稱尺寸 DN≤于100 的鋼制閘閥、球閥和止回閥 正在轉化
20 ISO 15848-1:2006 工業閥門.散逸性介質泄露的測量、試驗和鑒定程序.第 1 部分:閥門型式試驗的分類和鑒定程序
21 ISO 15848-2:2006 工業閥門.散逸性介質泄露的測量、試驗和鑒定程序.第 2 部分:閥門產品驗收試驗 正在轉化
22 ISO 17292:2004 石油、石化工業用金屬球閥 GB/T12237-2006 NEQ
23 ISO 5210:1991 工業閥門——多回轉閥門驅動裝置連接 GB/T 12222-2005 MOD
24 ISO 5211:2001 工業閥門——部分回轉驅動裝置連接 GB/T 12223-2005 MOD
25 ISO 4126-1:2004 過壓保護安全裝置.第 1 部分:安全閥 GB/T 12241-2005 MOD
26 ISO 4126-4:2004 過壓保護安全裝置.第 4 部分:先導式安全閥 正在轉化

congshangbiaozhongkeyikanchu,daduoshuguojibiaozhunyibutongchengdudizhuanhuaweiwoguobiaozhun。danyeyouyixiezanshimeiyouzhuanhua,lingwaiyougebiedeguojibiaozhunbutaifuhewoguodeguoqing,jiangbuzhuanhua。

(2) caiyongguowaixianjinbiaozhunqingkuang

suizhuwoguochangshuguanxiandengzhongdiangongchengdejiansheheshishi,meiguoshiyouxiehui(api)xiangguanbiaozhunzaiwoguoyuelaiyueshoudaozhongshi。api shiyigedaibiaomeiguoshiyougongyekantan、kaifa、chuyun、lianhuaheyingxiaodenggefangmianliyidefeiyinglixingjigou,qizhidingdebiaozhunzaiguojishangbeiguangfancaiyong。muqianyou 17 xiang api famenbiaozhunyizhuanhuahuozhengzaizhuanhuaweiwoguodeguojiabiaozhunhexingyebiaozhun。lingwaijiehewoguoheguowaibiaozhundejutiqingkuang,woguobiaozhunyecaiyong mss、awwa、asme、bs、jis dengxianjinguojiahexiehuidebufenbiaozhun。

caiyong iso heguowaixianjinbiaozhun,shiwoguobiaozhunshuipingyoujiaodadetigao,suoxiaolefamenchanpinyuguowaixianjinchanpindechaju,duiyuyixiechangguichanpin,budandadaoshenzhichaoguoguowaitongleichanpindezhiliangshuiping。

5 閥門標準的發展趨勢

(1) jiaqiangbiaozhunyukeyan、tebieshiguojiazhongdakejixiangmuyanjiudelianxi,yindaokeyanhejishuxianjindeguganqiye,jiangzizhuchuangxindechengguozhuanhuaweibiaozhun,tuidongxinjishu、xingongyidefazhan。

quanguofamenbiaozhunhuajishuweiyuanhuixianzhengzaizhidingguojiabiaozhun《famenzhinenghuadiandongzhuangzhi》。famenzhinenghuadiandongzhuangzhi,shiguowaibenshijichufazhanqilaidedexinxingchanpin,woguotongguoyinjinheyanfa,yizhangwolegaijishu,bingqiefazhanfeichangkuai。zhidinggaojishuhanliangde《famenzhinenghuadiandongzhuangzhi》biaozhun,duicujinchanyedefazhan,duzhuhuojianshaojinkouchanpinyouhendadezuoyong。

jiangyipixinchanpin、xinjishuzhuanhuaweibiaozhun,jiangdilechengben,tigaolexiaoyi,youhualechanpingongneng,bingshixinchanpinhexinjishuxunsudedaoshichangderenke,cujinlechanyedejinbu。

(2) fazhanjienengjianghao、xinxingcailiaodengfangmiandebiaozhun,cujinchanyejiegoudiaozheng。

woguoziranziyuanyouxian,yincizhidingjiedian、jieshui、jiecaifangmiandebiaozhunshifamenbiaozhundefazhanfangxiangzhiyi。jiakuaitaotaixiaolvdi、nenghaodadechanpin,diaozhengchanyejiegou,cujinxinjishu、xinchanpindekaifahetuiguangyingyong。famenzaijiecaifangmian,zhongdianshiyanjiuxinxingcailiao,yongxinxingcailiaodaitijinshucailiao,dadaojieyuegangcaiheguizhongjinshudemude。

xinxingtaocifamencaiyongxinxingtaocicailiaozhizuofamendemifengbujianheyisunbujian,tigaolefamenchanpindenaimoxing、fangfuxingjimifengxing,dadayanchanglefamendeshiyongshouming。zhizaotaocideyuanliaoguangfan,chengbendilian,yonglv、tan、guidengputongyuansujiunengzhizaochuxingnengyouyuedetaocicailiao,keyijieyuedaliangjinshucailiaohexiyoudekuangchanziyuan。taocifamenyingyongyudianli、shiyou、huagong、yejin、caikuang、wushuichulidenggongyelingyuli,qinaimosun,mifengxinghao,nengzuidaxiandudijianshaoxielou,duihuanjingbaohujiangqidaojijidetuijinzuoyong。jingenjishudefazhan,quanguofamenbiaozhunhuajishuweiyuanhuizuzhizhidingle jb/t 10925-2005 《taocimifengfamen》biaozhun,jiakuaituiguangtaocimifengjishu,cujintaocimifengcailiaodefazhan。

zaijiangdinenghaofangmian,dalifazhanliuzuxiao、sunhaoxiaodefamenchanpin。zaijiedianfangmian,zhongdianshifamendediandongzhuangzhi,tongguoxuanyongdinenghaodizaoshengdedianji,yijiduidiandongzhuangzhijiegoudegaijin,kongzhidiandongzhuangzhidenenghao。

(3) jijicanyuguojibiaozhunhuodong,jiakuaifamenguojibiaozhundezhuanhua

shijieyijinrulejingjiquanqiuhuadefazhanshiqi,jingjiquanqiuhuadebiranqushishibiaozhunguojihua。tongguodui iso biaozhunyuwoguofamenbiaozhundeguanliandudeyanjiu,duiwoguofamenbiaozhuncaibiaoqingkuangyougezongtilejie,quedingcaiyongfangxiang,jiadacaibiaolidu。tongshi,zhengqushizhixingcanyuguojibiaozhunhuadegongzuo,jiangwoguobiaozhunrongruguojibiaozhunzhong,zhengquguojibiaozhundehuayuquanhezhudaoquan。youyulishiyuanyinhequyuyuanyin,muqian iso/tc153 “famen”yixingchengyioumeiweizhutidegeju。yinci,quanguofamenbiaozhunhuajishuweiyuanhuiyifangmianjijizhudongdicanjiabingzhubanguojibiaozhunhuiyi;lingyifangmian,jijipaichuwoguodezhuanjiajiarudaoguojizuzhidebiaozhunweiyuanhui“tc”、fenweihui“sc”hebiaozhungongzuozu“wc”,renzhenduidaiguojibiaozhuncaoandetoupiao,bingjiangduiwoguoyoulidetiaokuantigonggei iso/tc153 mishuchu,shiguojibiaozhunnengtixianwomendeheliyaoqiu。

(4) tigaofamenchanpindeanquanxing,baozhangshebeiherenyuandeanquan。

xuduofamendoushiyongzaiyaliguandaoshang,anquanzhiguanzhongyao。guojiazhiliangjiandujianyanjianyizongjubanbule《tezhongshebeianquanjishuguifan》,famenzuoweiyaliguandaoyuanjiandeyizhong,yebaokuozaitezhongshebeinei。famenchanpinyinqideanquanshigu,zhuyaoyouliangfangmiandeyuanyin,yishichanpinmeiyoudadaobiaozhundeyaoqiu,ruketidebihouyaoqiu,hanjielianjiechudetanshangjianyanyaoqiu、cailiaoyaoqiudeng,lingyiyuanyinshianzhuang、shiyongbudang。quanguofamenbiaozhunhuajishuweiyuanhuiyizhizhongshichanpinbiaozhunzhongdeanquanxingyaoqiu,zhexieyaoqiuzai《tezhongshebeianquanjishuguifan》zhongbeiyinyong,chengweiqiangzhixingdeyaoqiu,congerzuidaxiandudibaozhangshebeiherenyuandeanquan。famenbiaoweihuizaijinnianxianhoushenqingzhidingle《famenketizuixiaobihouchicunyaoqiuguifan》、《gongyefamenanzhuangshiyongweihuyibanyaoqiu》dengbiaozhun。famenchanpinbiaozhunzhongdeanquanyaoqiuhefamenanquanbiaozhundezhixiudingjiangshijinhougongzuodeyigezhongdian。


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