亚博网页登陆

亞博網頁登陸

亞博網頁登陸閥門新聞中心

亞博網頁登陸 | 2010-06-08

摘要:對比西方和我國閥門供應商管理和閥門采購流程鏈的管理,指出我國管理上的不足和差距,并提出了管理轉型的關健條件。

關鍵詞閥門供應鏈管理采購能源

一、前言

gongyefamenzuoweishiyouhuagongnengyuangongyeguochengchulidezhongyaoshebei,duixitongdeanquanyunxingqizhujiqizhongyaodezuoyong。zuoweishihuaxingyedeyonghu,duifamenchanpindeanquanxingjigongyingjishixingyouweiguanzhu。erqiaqiazheliangdianshimuqianwoguogongyefamengongyinglianxitongzhongzuiweiboruodeliangdawenti。muqianguoneiguimoqiye(xiaoshouechaoguo 500 wanyuanrenminbi)defamenzhizaoshangchaoguo 2000 jia,ranerxiaoshouguoyideqiyebuzu 20 jia,guo 10 yiyuandejinsuzhouniuweifamenyijia。zongtilaishuo,dabufenzuizhongyonghurenweifamenshichanghenbuguifan,yong“hunluan”yicimiaoshujuebuguofen。benwenshitufenxiwoguodangqiangongyefamengongyinglianguanlidexianzhuangbingduibixifanggongyeguodegongyefamengongyinglianguanlimoxing,congertantaoyulunzhengwoguogongyefamenshichang“luanxiang”deyuanyinyijiweilaiwoguogongyefamengongyinglianguanlidefazhanfangxiang。

二、關于供應商(制造商)的管理

famenzuoweizhongyaodexitongkongzhishebei,jihusuoyouzuizhongyonghudoujiangqizuoweiguanjianshebeilaiguanli。an iso9000 tixi,zuoweifamenzhizaoshang,lisuodangrandibixujieshouzuizhongyonghudeshenpi,fangnengchengweiqihegegongyingshang。muqianwoguojuedaduoshunengyuanxingyezuizhongyonghudouyoubijiaowanshandegongyingshangzigeyushenguanli,danyecunzaiyixiajidaijiejuedewenti。

1. 制造商資格審批不夠嚴謹

xifangdenengyuanxingyeduifamendezhizaoshangyouzhuyangedeshenpichengxu,yikepaishiyouweili,qizhizaoshangshenhebaohan:zhibaotixishenhe、jishutuyangjigongyiwenjianshenheyijichanpinyuanxingshiyanrenzhengshenhe 3 gezhuyaobuzou,bingqiepizhunyouyangedechanpinfanweisheding,tongchangdezuofashigenjuzhizaoshangdechanpinzhizaonengli,xianpizhunqibijiaojiandandetongyongfamen,yijuzhizaoshangdebiaoxian,zhubufangkuanpizhunfanwei。kepaishiyoudezhizaoshangpizhun,meiyibuzoudouyoufeichangxiangxidechengxuwenjianyaoqiu。yigefamenzhizaoshangzhishaoyao 3~5 niancainengzhengshichengweiqihegegongyingshang。yuxifanggongyeguoxiangbi,woguonengyuanxingyeduifamengongyingquefayanjindepizhunchengxu,biaoxianruxia。

1) quefayitaowanzhengdezhizaoshangpingguchengxuhuadewenjiantixi。juedaduoshuyonghujinjintingliuzaiyiju iso9000 tixiduizhizaoshangzuojiandandezhibaotixideshenhe。erquefaduiganzhizaoshanggenggaoyaoqiudejishu、gongyijichanpinyuanxingdeshiyanrenzheng。

2) pizhundefanweijiedingbumingque,yidanpizhun,zhizaoshangyongyoulejihusuoyoufanweidechanpingongyingquan。zheyangyixiechanpinfanweijiaoxiazhaidexiaoxingqiyehuodeleyudaxingzonghexingqiyejihutongyangdegonghuoquanli,congerraoluanleshichang,zaochengbuguifanjingzheng。

2. 供應商資源未能有效合理利用

xifangdenengyuanxingyeduigongyingshangziyuantongchangshiyoujituanzongbudexiangyingzhinengbumentongyiguanli,biaoxianzai:tongyigongyingshangzigeshencha,tongyidenianduxuqiucaigoushangwutanpan,mudeshiyouxiaozhenghegongyingshangziyuan,tongguojizhongcaigou,huodeliyizuidahua。

tongyangyikepaishiyouweili,qizaiyingguoyumeiguoyoulianggeshangwuzhongxin,fenbiezhuguanbeimeidiquyufeibeimeidiqudegongyingshangshangwutanpan。tongchangzuofashi,youshangwuzhongxinfuzezhenghejituangefenzhigongchangdenianduxuqiu,jizhonghoutongyiyugezhizaoshanghekucunshangjinxingshangwutanpan,quedingzuiyouhuijiage,qianding“quanqiujiagexieyi”。jituangegongchangzetongyiangaijiagexieyijinxingrichangxuqiucaigou。zheyangzuodeyoudianfeichangmingxian,biaoxianruxia。

1) jituanzongbuzhenghelegegongchangdefensanxuqiu,huodelekeguandejingjipiliang,tonggongyingshangdejiagetanpangengqiyouyoushi。

2) gongyingshangkeyilejieyonghudedazhinianduxuqiu,tiqianzuohaoshengchan(zhizaoshang)yucunhuo(kucunshang)zhunbei,helifenpeizhizaonengliziyuan,anshijiaohuogengyoubaozheng。

3) jituangegongchangdecaigouguanlijianhua(tongguo edi xitongdianzicaigou),dadajieshenglegegongchangdecaigouyunyingchengben。tongshiyouyushiyongjituanzongbuquedingdeyouzhigongyingshang,gegongchanghuodeletongyibiaozhundeyouzhifamen,xitongyunxinggengjiaanquankekao。

tongyangduibixifanggongyeguo,woguodenengyuangongyepubianweinengduigongyingshangdeziyuanzuoyouxiaozhenghe,jutibiaoxianruxia。

1) jituanneigegongchangdecaigouzhengcewangwangshigeziweizheng,erjituanzongbudezhongxinguanliquebeiruohua。jituangegongchangduigongyingshangquefachangyuanzhanlveguanli,changchangshisuiyigenghuangongyingshang,duigongyingshangdezhongchengdudi。

2) jituangegongchangyouyuxuqiuyouxian,mouxieteshuchanpindexuqiudabudaozhizaoshangdejingjipiliang,congerzaochengcaigoukunnan。erchangguichanpinyoubixuzijichubeixianhuoyifangjinjixuqiuzhiyong,zheyangyouzaochengqiyedezijinjiya。

3) gegongchangdecaigoubiaozhunbutongyi,shiyongdegongyingshangzaluanqiecanchabuqi,pinpaiyishidanbo,caigoudechanpinzhiliangyinhuanduo,shijizhiliangshigufashenglvyeduo。

conggongyingshangguanlideyishangliangfangmianchayizhong,bunanfaxian,fadaguojiadeqiyeyijianggongyinglianguanlikanzuoshiyizhongzhanlvexingdeguanlitixi,zhuzhongyugongyingshangfazhanchangqidezhanlvehuobanguanxi。liyixiangguanzhelilunrenwei:renheyigeqiyedefazhandoulibukaigeliyixiangguanzhedetouruhecanyu,qiyeyinggaizhuiqiuliyixiangguanzhedezhengtiliyi。yinci,zaigongyinglianguanlizhong,jiaqianggongyingshangzigeshenpideyanjinxing,shaixuanchuzhuyaodeyouzhigongyingshang,tongguoyuqijianlixiangduiwendingdezhanlvehezuoguanxi,jianggongyingshangdeyoushijiehedaozishenchanpinzhong,cainenggengyiyuliyixiangguanzheshixianshuangying。

關于采購供應鏈的管理

1. 西方工業國的閥門采購供應鏈管理

xifanggongyeguodefamengongyinglianzongtifen“xiangmucaigou”yu“richangcaigou”liangzhongyewuleixingguanli,xiangyingdecaigouzhengceyouhendadequbie。

(1) xiangmucaigou jidaxinggongchengxiangmudecaigou。tedianweiyicixingcaigouliangda,jishuyaoqiufuza,dancaigoudejihuaxinghenqiang,zhizaoshangyouxiangduihelideshengchanzhouqi。zhezhongleixingdecaigoufangshiwangwangshi:zhijiegongchangcaigou,jiyouzuizhongyonghuhuogongchenggongsizhijieyuzhizaoshangtanpancaigou。zhetongwoguomuqiandefamencaigougongyinglianshijibenyizhide。

(2) richangcaigou jijituangegongchangderichangweixiu、baoyangcaigou。tedianshimeicicaigouliangxiao,jishuyaoqiujiandan,tufashijianduo,caigouwangwangmeiyoujihuaxing,yaoqiuxianhuoxianshisongda。zhezhongleixingdecaigoufangshiyibanshi:xiangkucunshangcaigou。

tongchangxifanggongyeguodenengyuangongyezuizhongyonghuqixiangmucaigouzhanqizongxuqiuyue 60%,richangcaigouzhanqizongxuqiuyue 40%.qiduirichangcaigoudeguanliyuwoguonengyuangongyezuizhongyonghuzuidadebutongzaiganxiangkucunshangcaigouerfeigongchangzhijiecaigou。zhefanyingleqishehuifengongjinyibuxihua,shichangjingjiyidaolexiangduibijiaochengshudejieduan。

yiyingguoweili,zai 20 shiji 70 niandaiyiqian,qigongyefamendexiaoshouqudaoyeshiyigongchangzhixiaoweizhu。dansuizhushichangjingjidefazhan,caigoujishixingyuzhuanyexingyeyuelaiyuekunraozuizhongyonghu。zheyang,yigexinxingdejingjishiti:kucunshangyingyunersheng。qigongnengzhuyaobiaoxianzaiyixiafangmian。

1) diaojiegongyingyuxuqiumaohou,tongguochubeidalianggezhongbutongzhongleidefamenxianhuo,manzuzuizhongyonghuzhuiqiude“yizhanshicaigou”yu“jishicaigou”dexuqiu。

2) zuoweizhuanyedefamenjingxiaoshang,xiangzuizhongyonghutigongxingyefazhanzixun,duiqigongyingshangguanlitigongyewuzixun。

3) peihezuizhongyonghufudaozhizaoshang,bangzhuqilijieyuzhangwoyonghudejishuguifan,jingduizhizaoshangdechanpinzhiliangzuolixingcaigoujiancha(bufenxifangshiyougongsirukepaishiyouwanquanyikaokucunshangzuochangguicaigouzhiliangjianyan,qibenshenzhifuzeduiteshuchanpinzuocaigouzhiliangjianchong,congeryouhuajianyanziyuan)。

4) xiangzuizhongyonghutigongqitazengzhifuwu,ru:famenweixiuyugaizhi、jishuguifan、caigouguifandexiudingdeng。

2. 我國閥門采購供應鏈管理

woguogaigekaifangqianchangqishixingdianxingdejihuajingji,famenqiyewuxumianduicankudeshichangjingzheng。qiyetongguoxingye“dinghuohui”huozhijieyouzhuguanshangjixiada“renwu”fangshijiukeqingsonghuoqudingdan。qiyedexiaoshoufangshiweizhixiaoxing,jiwulunshidaxinggongchengxiangmucaigou,huoshirichangweihuxingcaigou,doushiyougongchangzhijiexiaoshouzhizuizhongyonghu。zheyangdecaigougongyinglianguanlizhijinrengshenkeyingxiangzhuwoguodefamengongye。tongxifanggongyeguoxiangbi,suizhuwoguoshichangjingjidebuduanfazhan,zheyangdezhixiaomoshi,tebieshizhenduizuizhongyonghurichangweihuxingdecaigouxuqiu,xianranyimingxianbushiyingjingjidefazhan,jutibiaoxianruxia。

1) zuizhongyonghudexuqiubunengdedaokuaisuxiangying。xifangkucunshangkeyitigong 4h jiaohuofuwuchengnuo,ranerzaiwoguojibianshizuichangguidechanpinyouyudebudaoxianhuocaigou,wangwangxuyao 30 tianyishangcaigouzhouqi。jinjiweixiuzhuangtaixiazheyangdemaohouyouqituchu。

2) youyucaigoujinji,zuizhongyonghuwangwangbudeyirangbujieshouzhizaoshangdegezhongjishuyaoqiupiancha,huobudeyigenghuanyuanshiyouzhipinpaishebeizhizaoshang,rangbujieshouyixiezapaigongchangchanpin,zheyanggeixitongzhuangzhideanquanyunxingyoudailaiyinhuan。

3) zhizaoshangduiyonghuwuxiuzhidejinjixuqiubushenkunao。buhelideduanshengchanzhouqi,poshizhizaoshangduiyuanxianzhizaoliuchengbudebuzuoxiugai,zheyangyoudailaichengbenshangshengyuzhiliangyinhuan。zaizuizhongyonghudezhongyazhixiazuoyubuzuodouchuyuliangnanjingjie。

gongyingjishixingyaoqiuzhizaoshangduiyonghudexuqiuzuochukuaisuxiangying,zhegekuaisuxiangyingshijianshizhichanpindisongdaokehushouzhonghuofuwuwanchengsuoxuyaodeshijian。qiyeyueshanyujishimanzukehudexuyao,jiuyueyihuodegenggaodechanpinjiazhi,congerjinyibuqianghuazishendejingzhengyoushi。xifanggongyefamenkucunshangdecunzai,shishichangjingjifazhandaozhiziyuanhelipeizhizuhedebiranchanwu,tadecunzaishidexifanggongyefamenzhizaoshangduizuizhongyonghuderichangweihuxuqiuxiangyingsuduyuxiaolvdedaolejidadeyouhua。

四、結論

zhongxifanggongyefamengongyingshanglianguanlimoxingdechayibenzhishangfanyingdeshijihuajingjitizhiyushichangjingjitizhidechayi,tongshiyeshichengshushichangyuxinxingshichangdechayi。tongguoyanjiuxifanggongyefamengongyinglianfazhandelichengzaimouzhongchengdushangkeyiyujianxiangtongchanyezaiwoguoweilaidefazhanzouxiang。guanjianwentishiheshiwoguocainengzouxiangxifanggongyinglianmoshi,qilianggeguanjianqiantitiaojianshi:① woguodejingjitizhizhenzhengyoujihuajingjiquanmianxiangshichangjingjitizhidezhuanbian。② gongyefamenzhizaoshangtongguochanyezhenghe,taotaidabufendixiao、dizhidezhongxiaoqiyecongerxingchengweishubuduodezhenzhengzhongshizhiliang、pinpaideyoushiqiyejituan。heshijubeilezhelianggeguanjiantiaojian,neimeleisixifangdegongyefamengongyinglianmoshizaiwoguochuxianjiukeyujianle。


本文地址:http://zapped-it.net/news/industry/20100608348.html


下一篇:城市給水管網閥門管理工作的探討
上一篇:我國閥門標準現狀與發展


火狐体育 环球体育 英亚体育 亚博网站登陆 立博app