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鑄造閥門就是澆鑄所成的閥門,一般鑄造的閥門壓力等級都比較低(如 PN16、PN25、PN40,但也有高壓的,可以到 1500Lb、、2500Lb),口徑大多數都為 DN50 以上。鍛造閥門就是鍛打出來的,一般都是用在等級高的管路上,口徑比較小,一般都在 DN50 以下。

一、鑄造

1、zhuzao:jiushijiangjinshuronglianchengfuheyidingyaoqiudeyetibingjiaojinzhuxingli,jinglengqueninggu、qingzhengchulihoudedaoyouyudingxingzhuang、chicunhexingnengdezhujian(lingjianhuomaopi)degongyiguocheng。xiandaijixiezhizaogongyedejichugongyi。

2、zhuzaoshengchandemaopichengbendilian,duiyuxingzhuangfuza、tebieshijuyoufuzaneiqiangdelingjian,gengnengxianshichutadejingjixing;tongshitadeshiyingxingjiaoguang,qiejuyoujiaohaodezonghejixiexingneng。

3、danzhuzaoshengchansuoxudecailiao(rujinshu、mucai、ranliao、zaoxingcailiaodeng)heshebei(ruyejinlu、hunshaji、zaoxingji、zaoxinji、luoshaji、paowanji、zhutiepingbandeng)jiaoduo,qiehuichanshengfenchen、youhaiqitihezaoshengerwuranhuanjing。

4、zhuzaoshirenleizhangwojiaozaodeyizhongjinshurejiagonggongyi,yiyouyue 6000 niandelishi。gongyuanqian 3200 nian,meisuobudamiyachuxiantongqingwazhujian。gongyuanqian 13 zhigongyuanqian 10 shijizhijian,zhongguoyijinruqingtongzhujiandequanshengshiqi,gongyishangyidadaoxiangdanggaodeshuiping,rushangdaidezhong 875 qiankedesimuwufangding、zhanguodecenghouyizunpanhexihandetouguangjingdengdoushigudaizhuzaodedaibiaochanpin。zaoqidezhuzaoshoutaoqideyingxiangjiaoda,zhujiandaduoweinongyeshengchan、zongjiao、shenghuodengfangmiandegongjuhuoyongju,yishusecaijiaonong。gongyuanqian 513 nian,zhongguozhuchuleshijieshangzuizaojianyuwenzijizaidezhutiejian——jinguozhuding(yue 270 qiankezhong)。gongyuan 8 shijiqianhou,ouzhoukaishishengchanzhutiejian。18 shijidegongyegeminghou,zhujianjinruweidagongyefuwudexinshiqi。jinru 20 shiji,zhuzaodefazhansuduhenkuai,xianhoukaifachuqiumozhutie,keduanzhutie,chaoditanbuxiugangyijilvtong、lvgui、lvmeihejin,taiji、niejihejindengzhuzaojinshucailiao,bingfamingleduihuizhutiejinxingyunyuchulidexingongyi。50 niandaiyihou,chuxianleshishagaoyazaoxing,huaxueyinghuashazaoxinghezaoxin、fuyazaoxingyijiqitatezhongzhuzao、paowanqinglidengxingongyi。

5、zhuzaozhongleihenduo,anzaoxingfangfaxiguanshangfenwei:① putongshaxingzhuzao,baokuoshishaxing、ganshaxinghehuaxueyinghuashaxing 3 lei。② tezhongzhuzao,anzaoxingcailiaoyoukefenweiyitianrankuangchanshashiweizhuyaozaoxingcailiaodetezhongzhuzao(rurongmozhuzao、nixingzhuzao、zhuzaochejiankexingzhuzao、fuyazhuzao、shixingzhuzao、taocixingzhuzaodeng)heyijinshuweizhuyaozhuxingcailiaodetezhongzhuzao(rujinshuxingzhuzao、yalizhuzao、lianxuzhuzao、diyazhuzao、lixinzhuzaodeng)lianglei。

6、zhuzaogongyitongchangbaokuo:① zhuxing(shiyetaijinshuchengweigutaizhujianderongqi)zhunbei,zhuxingansuoyongcailiaokefenweishaxing、jinshuxing、taocixing、nixing、shimoxingdeng,anshiyongcishukefenweiyicixingxing、banyongjiuxingheyongjiuxing,zhuxingzhunbeideyoulieshiyingxiangzhujianzhiliangdezhuyaoyinsu;② zhuzaojinshuderonghuayujiaozhu,zhuzaojinshu(zhuzaohejin)zhuyaoyouzhutie、zhuganghezhuzaoyousehejin;③ zhujianchulihejianyan,zhujianchulibaokuoqingchuxingxinhezhujianbiaomianyiwu、qiechujiaomaokou、chanmomaocihepifengdengtuchuwuyijirechuli、zhengxing、fangxiuchulihecujiagongdeng。jinkoubengfamen

二、鍛造

1、duanzao:shiliyongduanyajixieduijinshupiliaoshijiayali,shiqichanshengsuxingbianxingyihuodejuyouyidingjixiexingneng、yidingxingzhuanghechicunduanjiandejiagongfangfa。

2、duanyadeliangdazuchengbufenzhiyi。tongguoduanzaonengxiaochujinshudezhutaishusong,hanhekongdong,duanjiandejixiexingnengyibanyouyutongyangcailiaodezhujian。jixiezhongfuzaigao、gongzuotiaojianyanjundezhongyaolingjian,chuxingzhuangjiaojiandandekeyongyazhidebancai、xingcaihuohanjiejianwai,duocaiyongduanjian。

3、duanzaoanchengxingfangfakefenwei:① kaishiduanzao(ziyouduan)。liyongchongjilihuoyalishijinshuzaishangxialianggeditie(zhenkuai)jianchanshengbianxingyihuodesuoxuduanjian,zhuyaoyoushougongduanzaohejixieduanzaoliangzhong。② bimoshiduanzao。jinshupiliaozaijuyouyidingxingzhuangdeduanmotangneishouyabianxingerhuodeduanjian,kefenweimoduan、lengdui、xuanzhuanduan、jiyadeng。anbianxingwenduduanzaoyoukefenweireduan(jiagongwendugaoyupiliaojinshudezaijiejingwendu)、wenduan(diyuzaijiejingwendu)helengduan(changwen)。

4、duanzaoyongliaozhuyaoshigezhongchengfendetansuganghehejingang,qicishilv、mei、tai、tongdengjiqihejin。cailiaodeyuanshizhuangtaiyoubangliao、zhuding、jinshufenmoheyetaijinshudeng。jinshuzaibianxingqiandehengduanmianjiyubianxinghoudemoduanmianjizhibichengweiduanzaobi。zhengquedixuanzeduanzaobiduitigaochanpinzhiliang、jiangdichengbenyouhendaguanxi。


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