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zhaiyao:tongguoduijinshuzuoqiufaxiangmubeijingjinxingjieshao,yueshulejinxingxiangmuyanzhikaifadeyiyi。zhenduiguoneiwaixiangguanjishufazhangaikuanghechenshi,tichuxiangmudeyanfaguanliguocheng。caiyongbinglianjishuluxian,jinxing 30mpa/600℃ jinshuzuoqiufayanfa,jiangkeyanguanlifenjiedaojishuyaoqiuzhong。tongguoxiangmudejishuhejingjixiaoyifenxi,zhichuxiangmujuyoulianghaodejienengxiaoguo。

關鍵詞金屬座球閥熱噴涂技術研發管理

1 項目概背景及研制開發意義

1.1 jinshuzuoqiufakeyankaifaxiangmugaibeijing

guoneihuolifadianjizudanjironglianghecanshudengjidebuduantigao,duifadianshebeidenaimosun、naifushi、naigaowen、kangyanghuadengxingnengtichulegenggaoyaoqiu。dianchangshebeizhongmosun、gaowenfushiwenti,geidianzhanshebeidailaianquanyinhuanheshigu,zengjialejianxiufeiyong,jiangdilefadianshebeideliyonglvbi。repentujishuzuoweicailiaobiaomianqianghua、baohuhechicunhuifudexinjishu,nenggoutigaofadianshebeideliyonglv,jianshaoshebeidejianxiufeiyong,duijiangdifadianchengbenyouzhongyaodeyiyi,zaishebeiweixiu、jixiezhizaozhongdedaoguangfanyingyong。

在高溫、高壓的工業條件下,高溫高壓疏水系統閥門的內部漏泄將造成巨大的能源浪費,且增大系統磨損。傳統的截止閥閘閥無法適應高溫高壓工況的要求。研制開發高溫高壓金屬座球閥(DN40~DN60)具有技術優勢,可以解決熱力系統的高品質介質泄漏以及設備磨損等問題。

1.2 yanzhikaifayiyi

gaowengaoyajinshuzuoqiufa(dn4o~dn60)keyankaifaxiangmudezhongdianshijiangchaoyinsurepentujishujinxingyinshen,yinweizheyijishuzaidianzhanqilunjimojixiepianfangshuishi、dafudutigaoqilunjiheguoludengshebeideguanjianbuweifangmosunnenglifangmianjuyouguangkuodeyingyongqianjing。gaowengaoyajinshuzuoqiufadeyingyongkejiejuemuqianwoguoduoshudianchangcunzaideguolu、qilunjibentijiguandaoshufangshuigaoxingnengfamendepeibeiwenti,zhejiangyouxiaojianshaogaopinweigongzhineibulouxie,bingduirelixitongjinxingyouxiaoyouhua,tigaojizurexiaolv。gaowengaoyajinshuzuoqiufa(dn40~dn60)zaidianlixingyedetuiguangyingyong,ketidaidaliangjinkoudetongleichanpin,tishengwoguogaowengaoyafamendejishushuiping,youxiaojiangdiqiyedeshebeicaigouchengben。yinci,benyanjiuxiangmujuyouxianshiyiyi。

2 國內外相關技術發展概況和趨勢

2.1 dianchangdegaoduanfamenshiyongqingkuangjieshao

電廠熱力系統應用的高端閥門,工作在高溫高壓的參數環境下,這對高端閥門自動控制的可靠性要求較高。由于我國高端閥門的研究和制造還處于技術攻堅階段,目前國內使用的高端閥門主要依賴國外進口,國內電廠每年僅高端閥門進口額度就超過 100 億元人民幣,因此引進、消化、吸收世界名牌閥門技術,對我國設備制造業有著重要意義。其中小型高溫高壓金屬座球閥尤其應當率先實現國產化,該項目不但可為電廠節能方面帶來可觀的經濟效益,而且在電力行業內有巨大的推廣空間。

2.2 chaoyinsurepentujishudefazhan

repentufangfakefenweiranshaofahedianrefa。ranshaofabaokuohuoyanpentu、baozhapentu;dianrefabaokuodianhupentu、denglizipentu。xianzaiyijingchuxianlechaoyinsuhuoyanpentu、chaoyinsudenglizipentu、jiguangpentu、fanyingrepentuhelengpentudenggongyi。

(l)chaoyinsuhuoyanpentu。chaoyinsuhuoyanpentu(high velocity oxygen fuel,jiancheng hvof)fazhuyaoshicaiyonggaoyashuilengdefanyingqianghexichangdepensheguan,jiangranliao(meiyou、yigui、bingxiheqingqi)heyangqisongrenfanyingqiangranshao,chanshenggaoyahuoyan,ranshaohuoyanbeipensheguanyasuobingjiasupenshe。penshefenmokeyiyonggaoyazhouxiangsongrenhuocongpensheguancemiansongren。lingyizhongfangfashijiangranliao(meiyou、yigui、bingxiheqingqi)heyangqitongguogaoyapenshe,zaipenzuiwairanshao,jiangpenshefenmoyonggaoyaqiticongpenzuineizhouxiangsherenhuoyanzhong,ranhoutongguozuiwaikongqizhaozhongdeyasuoqitijiangranshaohuoyanyasuo、jiasubingjiangrongrongdefenmopenxiangjiban。gaifadetedianshi:sheliusudugao,yanliuwendubibaozhapentudi,shihetanhuawutuceng。caiyongchaoyinsuhuoyanpentuhuodedetucengzuigaomidukedalilunmidude 99.9%,qiangduda 70mpa yishang;qietucengzazhishao,tucengcanyuyinglixiao,youxieqingkuangxiakededaoshejidecanyuyingli,yincikepentujiaohoutuceng,qiepentuxiaolvgao。dantayecunzairanliaoxiaohaoda、chengbenjiaogaodengquedian。

(2)chaoyinsudenglizipentu。chaoyinsudenglizipentudeyuanlishijiangzhuqi(danqi,liuliangjiaoxiao)youhouqiangtishuru,erdaliangdecijiqi(danqihuodanqiyuqingqidehunheqi)jingqitixuanliuhuandezuoyonghou,yuzhuqiyitongconglafaerguanxingdeercipenzuishechu(wujijiefuji,yinhushiyicipenzuijiezhengji),zaichujiqizhongjinggaopinyinhu,erhou,zhengjizhuanjieercipenzui,jizaiwujiyuercipenzuineibijianchanshengdianhu。zaixuanzhuandecijiqideqiangliezuoyongxia,dianhubeiyasuozaipenzuidezhongxinbinglachangzhipenzuiwaiyuan,xingchenggaoyadekuozhandenglizihu。dagonglvkuozhandedenglizihuyouxiaodijiarezhuqihecijiqi,congerhuodecongpenzuishechudewendingde、jijudechaoyinsudenglizisheliu。penshefenmojingsongfenzuijiarenchaoyinsudengliziliu,huodehengaodewenduhedongneng,zhuangjizaigongjianbiaomianxingchengtuceng。gaifangfadezhuyaotedianshijuyoujigaodereyuanwendu(denglizihuwendugaoda 16000℃)hegonglv,yincinenggouzaiduanshijianneijiangtaocifenmojiaredaoqirongdianyishang,dedaogaozhiliangdetuceng。tajianyoudenglizihupentudejiarewendugaoheqitibaozhapentuji hvof pentudepentucailiaofeixingsudukuaidetedian。

2.3 repentujishuzaidianligongyedeshijiyingyongqingkuang

zaijixieshebeizhizaogongyezhong,xianjinderepentujishuyingyongbijiaoguangfan,rupentunaifushituceng、pentunaimotuceng、pentunaigaowentuceng、pentugongnengtuceng、pentuchengxingdeng,zhexiejishuyingyongkeyitigaoshebeidefangxielouhefangmonengli,tebieshizaidianligongyezidongkongzhidekekaoxing、anquanxingyijigaowengaoyagongkuangyaoqiugengjiayangedeqingkuangxia,weirepentujishuyingyongtigongleguangkuokongjian。

repentujishuzaidianligongyezhongdeyingyongzhuyaoyouxiashujigefangmian:fadianjiqigangpingmianchicundehuifu;zaishuilunjibujianshang,zhuyaoyingyonggaosuhuoyanpentu(hvof)kuaisuxiufuyinqishiyunishamosunpohuaideshuidianzhanshuilunji;zaifengjishebeijiguanjianbujianzhongdeyingyong;huolifadianchangguolu“siguan”(shuilengbiguan、guoreqiguan、zaireqiguanheshengmeiqiguan)defangfushihekangchongshizhongdeyingyong,fadianjizhuanzizhoujing、dianshua、zhusai、zhoutao、qiumojizhoujing、gaowengaoyafamendemenganhefazuodengbiaomiandepentuxiufujiqianghuaxiufu;qilunjigaozhongyazhuanziyoudangzhouchengdepentudeng。keyikanchu,repentujishuzaidianligongyedeshijiyingyongshifenguangfan。

3 研發管理過程的介紹

3.1 yanzhikaifadeqianqizhunbei

weigongkezheyixiangmu,2005 niannianchu,womenjitourenrenlihezijinzhankaiyanjiu,zhongdianyongyuhexingongyideyanjiuyushiyan。jiezhimuqian,yizhangwogaixiangmuguochanhejincailiaoxuanyong、rejiagonggongyizhiding、moxuejiyanmofangfadengjishu。zaixiangmuquanmianzhankaiguochengzhong,womenzhongdianduijingmijiagongzhuangbei(baokuorejiagongzhuangbei)、jianyanzhuangbeidengjinxingzhaobiaogoumai、zuzhuang、diaoshi,yibaozhengyanfazhongnengyouxiaodihuoqushiyanshuju,jinxingduibishiyanyijipingjiashebeizhiliangshuipingdeng。womenhuanzhunbeixianxiaopiliangshengchan,zaijinxingxianchangshijiyingyong,tongguoxianchangyingyongdeshujuyushiyanshujudeduibi,tichuhexinjishudekongzhidian,zhubuxingchengzijidechanpinhexinjishu,xingchengchanpindejingzhengli,congerbaozhengchanpinzhiliang,weidaliangjinxingchanpinzhizaotigongbaozhang。

3.2 yanfaxiangmujishudeguanjiandian

gaowengaoyajinshuzuoqiufakeyankaifaxiangmuzhuyaoyingyongyuchaochaolinjiehuolifadianjizu(gongzuojiezhi 30mpa、600℃)guolu、qilunjibentijiguandaoshufangshuixitong,yongyijiejuegaocanshutiaojianxiashufangshuifamenneibulouxiewenti,dadaojieneng、jiangdichengbenyijizaiguoneidianlixingyetuiguangyingyong、chuangzaojingjixiaoyiheshehuixiaoyidemude。zaiyanfaguochengzhong,tongguoshejijisuanyushiyanshujufenxi,womenrenweigaixiangmushuyuxiaoxingjingmijixiezhizaoyexiangmu,jinshucailiaoxuanzehejianyan、rejiagonggongyi、repentuherepentudehoujiagonggongyi、mianmifengyanmodengshixiangmujishudeguanjiandian,yingbawohaozhexiejishuguanjiandianyiquebaoxiangrichenggong。

3.3 yanfaxiangmudekaoheguanlimubiao

zaifahouchuanlianjieliukong,yipangludefangshijierenrelixitong,zaijizuzhengchangyunxingdetiaojianxia,meitiankaiguanyicifamen,lianxu 20 tian,ruguowuneilouqingkuang,biaomingdadaoyaoqiu。zheyigongkuangxiangdangyugaifamenzaijizushangzhengchangfuyi 4 nian。

3.4 xiangmufangandeliuchengsheji

shishifangshi:chengliketizu,jianlizhuanmenzuzhijigoufuzegaixiangmu;jishuluxian:caiqubingliandejishuluxian,jiangnandianjishuwentijinxingfenjie,fenbiegongke,dadaoyuguowaijinkougaowengaoyajinshuzuoqiufatongdengshuipinghuogaoyujinkoushuiping,bingduiyoujiazhidefenzhijishujinxingyinshenzaifazhan,qudeyinshenchengguo。

binglianjishuluxianruxia:cailiaoxuanzejirejiagonggongyi;jijiachengxingjigongyizhuangbei;repentuherepentudehouxujiagongjishujizhuangbei;huanxingqiumianmifengyanmojizhuangbei;jianyanjishu;zongtixiediaodeng。caiqubinglianjishuluxiankeyijiakuaikaifasudu,tigaomeiyigefenzhijishushuiping,zuizhongbaozhengzhongduanchanpindejishushuiping。

3.5 xiangmujindudekongzhiyuguanli

gaixiangmuchushiyanfagongzuozai 2005 nianchujiyijingkaizhan,touren 30 wanyuanzijinyongyuyangjianfenjiejicaizhifenxi。2006 nianyoutouruzijin 50 wanyuanyongyuhexingongyiyanjiu。2007 nianshigaixiangmuguanjianjishujinxingshishideyinian,zhuyaoneirongwei:wanchenggaixiangmusuopeitaozhuyaoyingjiantiaojianjianshe,tongbuwanchengyangjianchubujishujianding;yangjianjinxingshijigongyeshiyan,yongzengjiakaiguancishulaimoni 4 nianqishiyongshoumingkaoyan;2008 nianchudadaoxiaopiliangshengchantiaojian。

4 技術經濟分析和社會經濟效益分析

4.1 jishujingjifenxi

guoneihuolifadiandezhulijizuyiyou 200mw tigaodao 300mw he 600mw,canshudengjiyiyouchaogaoya、yalinjiefazhanweichaolinjiehechaochaolinjie。guoneixianyoujishutiaojianxiadeguolu、qilunjibentijiguandaoshushuifamencunzaidezhuyaowentishineibulouxie,gaopinweigongzuojiezhiweijingzuogongzhijiedaodiduan,zaochengdaliangrenengsunshi。gaixiangmuyanfadejinshuqiufayiqiyouliangdemifengxingnengheteshudejiegoujiyouliangdenaiyongxing,nenggouhenhaodijiejuezheyinanti。

4.2 jingjixiaoyifenxi

jinjieyuenenghaoyixianglaikan,quanmianyingyonggaichanpinmeiniankeweiliaoninghuadiantielingfadianyouxiangongsijieyuebiaozhunmeizheherenminbi 500 wanyuan;zaidianlixingyeneituiguangshiyong,meinianshengchan 600 taigaowengaoyajinshuzuoqiufa,keshixianxiaoshoushouren 900 wanyuan,lirun 200 wanyuan;youyuzaojiajiangdi,yingyongfanweijiangxiangyingkuoda,keyijianjieweishehuichuangzaogengduodexiaoyi。

4.3 keyanzijinwentidejiejue

xiangmuzongtizijinxuqiu 400 wanyuan,qizhongzichouzijin 300 wanyuan,zhanzongtizijin 75%,shenqingzhuanxiangzijin 100 wanyuan,zhanzongtizijin 25%。shenqingdezhuanxiangzijinzhuyaoyongyurepentushebeiyouhuagaizaojidaliangdegongyeduibishiyanhecanshuceliangdeng。zaiciguochengzhongkexuedijinxingzijinyusuan,yibaozhengzhengtizijinwentidejiejue。

5 結束語

gaowengaoyajinshuzuoqiufashiwomenzhongdianzuzhikaifadeyigejienengjianghaochanpin,gaichanpinzaibendiyingyongyihou,huanyouhendadetuiguangkongjian。chuleyanfatiaojiandeyoushiwai,huanyouyigezhongyaoyoushi,jiushiqibeifangbiandegongyeshiyantiaojian,keyizaiyunxingjizushangfanfushiyan,muqianyijingqudeledaliangshuju,shaoliangyangpinkaishijinxingshiyan。shiyanbiaoming,gaixiangmukeyongyuchaochaolinjieqilunfadianjizuguoluheqilunjibentijiguandaoshufangshuixitong,dadaojinkouxifangguojiachanpintongdengshuiping、ketidaijinmenchanpin,youjudadejienengjiazhi。


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