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zhaiyao:muqianjingxiakuangshanshebeiyiguangfancaiyongyeyachuandongheyeyakongzhijishulaishixianshebeisuoxuyaodedongzuo,yincijingxiakuangshanshebeiyaokongcaozongdeyigeguanjianwentishi,ruhebaduoludianxinhaoshuruzhuanhuanchengduoluyeyanengshuchu。6dbf-10 xingliuliandianyebilifazhengshiweijiejuezheyiwentieryanzhidexinchanpin。gaichanpinbudanshixianleduoludianxinhaodaoduoluyeyanengdechengbilizhuanhuan,huanjuyoutijixiao、zhiliangqing、shuchuxianxinghao、zhongfujingdugao、xiangyingkuaidengyoudian。muwenjiugaifadejiegousheji、gongzuoyuanli、shejijisuan、xingnengceshi、jiagongzhizao、yingyongdengfangmianjinxinglelunshu。

關鍵詞電液比例閥比例控制遙控設備

1 引言

dixiakuangshanyouxiedidiandezuoyehuanjingshifenelie,weilebaohucaozuorenyuandeanquan,shiyongyaokongcaozongdekuangshanshebeishifeichangbiyaode。zaiguowai,wuxianyaokongdechanyunji、youxianyaokongdehunningtupensheche、diannaokongzhidequanzidongzaoyantaichedengkuangshanshebeiyijingdedaoguangfanyingyong,qudelelianghaodeshiyongxiaoguo,gaishanlezuoyetiaojian,jiangdilelaodongqiangdu,zaibaozhangzuoyerenyuananquandetongshiyoutigaolezuoyexiaolv。zaiguonei,yaokongcaozongdekuangshanshebeideyanzhishengchanhuanchuyuqibujieduan,cunzaideyigezhongyaowentishiruhebaduolukongzhidianxinhaochengbilidizhuanhuanchengduoluyeyanengshuchu,wanchengdian-yedezhuanhuangongzuo。weishixianzheyitupo,beijingkuangyeyanjiuzongyuan、fengyangyeyadianciyuanjianchang、baiyinyousejinshugongsi、beijingzhongxingqichezhizaochanghezuoyanzhileshihekuangshanjixieshiyongde 6dbf-10 xingliuliandianyebilifa[1],gaifazaishiyanshideceshishujudadaoguowaitongleichanpindexianjinshuiping。weileyanzhenggaifadeshijishiyongxingneng,zaizhongguoyousejinshugongyezonggongsikuangshanjixiehuagongguanxiangmu hpc-11 xinghunningtupenshecheyanzhiguochengzhong,tidaijinkoubilifachanpin,qudelelianghaodeshiyongxiaoguo,baozhenglegaigongguanxiangmudeshunliwancheng[2]。

2 結構設計和工作原理

2.1 jiegousheji

6dbf-10 xingliuliandianyebilifazhuyaoyouzhufa、xiandaojianyafa、bilidiancitiehefuzhufasibufenzucheng,jiantu1。zhufashigaibilifadezhuti,baokuozhufati、zhufaxinhedanhuangdeng。

6DBF-10型六聯電液比例閥主體結構(圖1)
圖1 6DBF-10 型六聯電液比例閥主體結構

(1)zhufati。qidaxiaozhijieyingxiangzhenggebilifadetiji,yincizhufatiyingjinkenengshejidexiaoxie。guoneiyibancaiyongmeilianyipiandefenpianshizhufatihuozhengtishizhufatiliangzhongxingshi。youyuzhufatineibutongyoukongdaohenduo,youshizhufaxinhefuzhufadebaorongketi,zailianjieluoshuanjineibugaoyayoudezuoyongxiarongyibianxing。bilifashikaodiancilijixiandaoyouyakongzhide,caozonglijiaoxiao,rongyikafa,yinciyaoqiuzhufatiyoujiaohaodeqiangduhegangdu,fangzhifaxinkazhu。fenpianshifatibijiaodanbo,hennantongshimanzuqiangdu、gangdudaertijiyouxiaodeyaoqiu。suirankecaiquzhengtishidezhufati,jiadazhufatidegangdu,jianxiaozhufatidetiji,danduolianfagongyongyigezhufati,zhufatidezhonglianghenda,neibujiegouguoyufuza,dadazengjialejiagongnandu,zhujiandefeipinlvyexianzhuzengjia,daozhishengchanchengbentigao。lingwai,yonghuzaixuanyongbilifaweibutongdezhujipeitaoshi,duibilifadelianshujifadezhongweijinenghuiyoubutongyaoqiu,zhengtishizhufatidelinghuoxing、huhuanxing、tongyongxingdouhencha,nanyimanzuyaoqiu。suoyi,zaibilifadeshejizhong,caiyongmeilianglianfashiyongyigezhufati,jixingchengkuaishidezhufati,zheyangjiujiangulezhuzao、jiagong、qiangdu、gangdujifangmiandeyaoqiu,tongshiyeyouliyuyonggaifatizuchengbutonglianshudebilifa,manzuyonghudebutongxuqiu。

ciwai,zhufatishanghuanshejilefuzhufa(baokuoguozaifa、fangkongxuefa、danxiangfa)chazhuangkong,yibiangenjuyeyaxitongxuyaochazhuangbutongdefuzhufa,shixitongzhengtijiegoushifenjincou。

zaizhufatiyuzhufatizhijianlianjieluoshuankongchu,shejilebodianpian,jianxiaozhufatizailuoshuandingjinlixiadezhengtibianxing,fangzhikafa。

(2)zhufaxin。caiyongyuanhujieliucaozuoweizhufafakou,yusanjiaoxingjieliufakouxiangbi,juyoushuchuxianxinghao、kangwunengliqiang、zhufaxinbuyibeikazhudengyoudian,zheduibaozhengbilifakekaogongzuoshihenzhongyaode。

(3)xiandaojianyafa。buzhizaizhufatideliangce,meiyilianzhufayonglianggexiandaojianyafalaikongzhi,meiyigexiandaojianyafakongzhizhufaxinweiyideyigefangxianghedaxiao,dadaokongzhiliuliangdaxiaohefangxiangdemude。youyuxiandaojianyafashiyalikongzhiyuanjian,fankuideshiyouya,duifatichengecaochicunjingduyaoqiubugao,shejizhongcaiyongzhanfatongyoukongtongshixingchengfatichengecaodefangshi,jianshaojijiagongliang,jiangdichengben。

(4)bilidiancitie。bilidiancitieshidianliuyijixielizhuanhuanqijian,tiexindechundu、etiedechicunjingduhemocaxingnengdouyouhengaoyaoqiu。weileshaozouwanlu,suoduanyanzhizhouqi,caiyong gp xiliebilidiancitie,gaichanpinshideguo bso kongzhijishuyouxiangongsixukezhengchanpin,xianxinghao、zhihuanxiao、zhiliangkekao,nenggoumanzushiyongyaoqiu。

(5)fuzhufa。weilejianhuayeyaxitong,jianshaoguanlulianjie,gaidianyebilifachuzhufa、xiandaojianyafa、bilidiancitiewai,huanzaizhufatishangjichengyoudanxiangfa、jianyafa、anquanfa、guozaifahefangkongxuefa,zuchengleduogongnengdianyebilifa。

gefuzhufadegongnengwei:①danxiangfa。anzhuangzaimeiyiliandejinyoulushang,kefangzhigongzuoshigeliandexianghuganrao,bimian“diantou”xianxiang。②jianyafa。jianyafayonglaibagongzuoxitonggaoyayoujiandao 3.5mpa,zuoweikongzhiyouyuan,shengdiaozhuanmendexiandaogongyouhuilu,jianhuayeyaxitong。③anquanfa。gaifashiyonglaifangzhiyeyaxitongyouyaguogao,baohuyeyafajixitonganquan。④guozaifahefangkongxuefa。gaidianyebilifademeiyiliandoukechazhuangguozaifahefangkongxuefa。guozaifakefangzhizhixingjigouyinshouguodawailieryinqidehuiluyouyaguogao,baohubilifa、yeyazhixingyuanjianjiguanludeanquan。fangkongxuefakeduiyoulujinxingbuyou,fangzhikongxuechansheng。ruguomouyilianfabuxuyaoguozaifahuofangkongxuefa,kezaichazhuangguozaifahuofangkongxuefadeweizhishangjiadujike。

2.2gongzuoyuanli

dianyebilifayeyayuanlijiantu2。

電液比例閥液壓原理(圖2)
圖2 電液比例閥液壓原理(1.先導減壓閥 2.比例電磁鐵 3.主閥 4.安全閥 5.單向閥 6.減壓閥 7.過載閥 8.防空穴閥)

shouxian,bilidiancitieyuxiandaojianyafazhijianyibilidiancitiedingli-xiandaojianyafadingyadefangshixiangguanlian。bilidiancitiezaishurudianliuhoushuchujixieli,tuidongxiandaojianyafafaxindongzuo,guanbixieyoukou,jietongxiandaogongyouyouyuan,youxiandaoyouyachansheng。xiandaoyouyalifanxiangzuoyongyuxiandaojianyafafaxin,shiqifanxiangyidong,zhizhiyujixielipingheng,chanshengyushurudianliuchengbilidexiandaokongzhiyouya。

qici,zhufayuxiandaojianyafazhijianyixiandaodingya--zhufadanhuangdingweidefangshioulian。youxiandaojianyafashuchudekongzhiyouya,zaizhufaxinduanmianshangchanshengyigeyeyazuoyongli,shizhufaxinkefudanhuangdanlieryidong,guanbizhongweixiehefakou,kaiqifuzaifakou。dangzhufaxinshangyeyazuoyongliyudanhuanglidadaopinghengshi,zhufaxintingliuzaiyuxiandaokongzhiyouyaxiangduiyingdeweizhishang,shizhufafuzaifakouchanshengyidingdekaidu,youxiangyingdeliuliangshuchu。

zongzhi,zaiedingdianliufanweinei,gaibianbilidiancitiekongzhidianliu,xiandaojianyafakongzhiyouyasuizhigaibian,zhufadefuzaifakoujishuchuliuliangdaxiaoyesuizhigaibian,congerqidaochengbilikongzhiliuliangdezuoyong。

dangbilifamouxielianbuxuyaochengbilikongzhishi,zhiyaobazhexielianshangdebilidiancitiehexiandaojianyafahuanchengputongdediancihuanxiangfa,jiukegaibianchengmeiyouzhongjianzhuangtai、zhiyoukaiheguanliangzhongzhuangtaideputongyeyafa。

3 設計計算

bilidiancitie、xiandaojianyafajizhufasanzhezhijiandehelipipeishishejideguanjianhuanjie。

3.1 xiandaokongzhiyouyayuzhufaxinweiyi

liuliandianyebilifashuchuliuliangshiyouzhufaxinweiyilianglaikongzhide,zhufaxindeweiyiliangyoushiyouxiandaokongzhiyouyachanshengdezuoyongli,kefuzhufaxinfuweidanhuangdanli、mocali、yedonglidejieguo。yinmocali、yedonglijunhenxiao,hulvebuji。zhufaxinyouda、xiaolianggefuweidanhuang。quzhufaxinzhijingwei 16mm,tongguodanhuangjiegoucanshudexuanquhedanhuangdanlideshejijisuan,kedexiamianjisuangongshi:

p=0.13+0.28x

qizhong:p weixiandaokongzhiyouya;x weizhufaxindeweiyi(x≤6)

當主閥芯移動到行程終點時(x=6mm),對應的先導控制油壓為最大值 pmax=0.13+0.28×6=1.8MPa。由于有 2mm 的死區,對應閥口即將開啟時的先導控制油壓為最小值 pmin=0.13+0.28×2=0.7MPa。先導控制油壓變化范圍應為 0.7~1.8MPa。

3.2 xiandaojianyafafaxinsuoxutuili

weileshizhufaxinzhengchanghuanxiang,xiandaojianyafashuchuyouyayingzai 0.7~1.8mpa zhijianbianhua。qujianyafafaxinzhijingwei 5mm,tongguojianyafafuweidanhuangcanshudexuanqukejisuanchuxiandaojianyafafaxinsuoxudetuilifanweishi 19~40.6n。

3.3 bilidiancitieedinggongzuodianliu

bilidiancitiexuanyongxinghaowei gp35-4-a,gaibilidiancitiezuidashurudianliuwei 1.2a,zuidashuchutuilikeda 63n。yougaichanpinyangbentexingquxiankede,dangshuchutuiliwei 40.6n shi,duiyingdeshurudianliuwei 800ma,cijiweibilidiancitieedinggongzuodianliu。

4 加工制造

gaibilifadehexinzuchengbufenshifatihefaxin,zheyeshijiagongzhizaodeguanjian。youyuzhufatihezhufaxinjiaoxiandaofatihexiandaofaxinzaijiegoushangfuzadeduo,yinershijiagongzhizaodezhongdian。

4.1 zhufati

zhufatiyouyuneibujiegoufuza、tongyoukongdaohenduo,duizhujianzhiliangyaoqiuhengao。shejizhongzhufaticaiyonggaoqiangduqiumozhutiecailiao,zhezhongcailiaojuyouqiangdugao、renxinghaodetedian,huanyoujiaohaodezhuzaoxingneng、jijiagongxingnenghejianmoxingneng。zaizhizaoguochengzhongcaiyongteshudedianhuaxueqingshafangfa,zaihuaxuefushihereyinglidegongtongzuoyongxia,wulunshifatibiaomianhuanshishenkongzhongdeshazidoujiangcongzhujianshangbolixialai,qingshaxiaoguohenhao。

4.2 zhufaxin

zhufaxingongzuoshihuanxiangpinfan,yichanshengmosun,yaoqiuhengaodebiaomianyingdu。weicicaiyong 38crmoal hejincailiao,peiheshendanchuli,hv dadao 1000 yishang,jiaohaodimanzuleshiyongyaoqiu。

4.3 peihejianxibaozheng

zhufatiyuzhufaxinpeihejianxiyouhengaoyaoqiu。guowaiyibancaiyongjingangshijiaodaojiagongfakong,baozhengqichicungongchahexingweigongcha。youyuzhizaozhuanyongjingangshijiaodaofeiyonghengao,yincizaiyanzhiguochengzhongcaiyongyanpeigongyi,fakongyanhao,yongqidongliangtoujingqueceliangfakongdechicun,ranhougenjugaichicunpeimofaxin,zhizhidadaopeihejianxi 0.008~0.015mm。

5 性能測試及主要技術參數

5.1 xingnengceshi

liuliandianyebilifazaijinxingzuzhuanghechuchangdiaoshihou,zaizhejiangdaxueyeyashiyanshijinxinglexingnengceshi[4]。

shuchuliuliang(q)yuwentaishurudianliu(i)texingquxianjiantu 3。tongguoduoci q--i quxianceshidedao,,zhihuan 6.1%,zhongfujingdu 1.9%,dadaoshejiyaoqiu。guowaitongleichanpingaixiangdeceshijieguowei:zhihuan 6.2%,zhongfujingdu 1.8%。guochanyuanjianyuguowaitongleichanpinxingnengzhibiaojimuxiangtong。

Q-I特性曲線(圖3)
圖3 Q-I特性曲線

5.2 zhuyaojishucanshu

6dbf-10 xingliuliandianyebilifadezhuyaojishucanshuwei:gongchengtongjing 10mm、edingyali 20mpa、edingliuliang 4ol/min、xiandaokongzhiyouyuanyali 3.5mpa、huiyoukouyunxubeiya 2mpa、bilidiancitieedingdianliu 800ma、kaiguandiancitieedingdianya 12v、zhihuan <7%、zhongfujingdu <2%、pinkuan 5hz、zhiliang 31kg。

6 應用

weilekaohe 6dbf-10 xingliuliandianyebilifadeshijishiyongxingneng,jiangqiyingyongzaixinyanzhide hpc-11 xinghunningtupenshecheshang,yonglaikongzhigaicheshangdeyouxianyaokongpenshejixieshou。penshejixieshoudeyeyaxitongyuanlijiantu4。

噴射機械手的液壓系統(圖4)
圖4 噴射機械手的液壓系統(1.油泵 2.背壓溢流閥 3.六聯電液比例閥 4.雙向平衡閥 5.舉升油缸 6.油馬達 7.制動器 8.液動順序換向閥 9.梭閥 10.伸縮油缸 11.傾動油缸 12.折迭油缸 13.擺動油缸)

gaibilifadetedianshikejieshoudiankongxinhao,erdiankongxinhaozaiyunsuan、chuli、chuanshufangmianyoushituchu。yinci,yugaibilifapeitaodeyouxianyaokongqishangzhixuyaolianggecaozongshoubing,jikewanchengduiliulianbilifadekongzhi。penshejixieshoushangdeliugedongzuoyougangshiyougaibilifakongzhide,yincishijigongzuoshigongrenzhixucaozongyouxianyaokongqishangdelianggeshoubing,jikewanchengduipenshejixieshouliugedongzuodecaozongkongzhi。

hpc-11 xinghunningtupenshechezaikuangshanjingxiajinxingle 400h degongyeshiyan。gaicheyouyucaiyongleliuliandianyebilikongzhi,penshejixieshoushixianleyouxianyaokonggongneng,penshejixieshoudedongzuokeyuanjuliwujidiaojieyukongzhi,caozongziru。tongguoshiyongyouxianyaokongqi,caozuozhekezaixianchangxuanzeshiyidegongzuodidian,yihuodejiaohaodeguanchajiaodu,yeshifandandepensheliaobuhuidadaocaozuozheshenshang,zaitigaozuoyeanquanxingdetongshi,huantigaolezuoyexiaolv,jianqinglegongrendelaodongqiangdu,yincishenshouxianchanggongrendehuanying。zaizhenggegongyeshiyanqijian,gailiuliandianyebilifagongzuolianghao,weichuxianrenheguzhang,weihunningtupenshecheyanzhigongzuodeshunliwanchengchuangzaoleyoulitiaojian。

7 結語

(1)6dbf-10 xingliuliandianyebilifashiyizhongxinxingdedianyejiekouyuanjian,shixianleduoludianxinhaodaoduoluyeyanengdechengbilizhuanhuan。gaifadezhihuan、zhongfujingduhepinkuandengzhuyaojishuzhibiaodadaoguojixianjinshuiping,keyitidaitongleijinkouchanpin,weiguojiajieyuewaihui。

(2)gaibilifayuchuantongdeshoudongcaozongyeyafaxiangbi,xitongbuzhirouxingjiada、caozongfangbian、anquanxinghao,keyouxianhuowuxianyaokongzhuji。youyuyidianxinhaoweikongzhishuruxinhao,keyijiangjisuanjijishu、shuzijishu、zidongkongzhijishuyinrudaozhujidekongzhizhizhong,shizhujishangdengji,kuodashiyongfanwei,tigaogongxiao,tigaojingzhengnengli。

(3)gaibilifashihezaiduozhongkuangshanshebeishangshiyong,ruhunningtupensheche、zaoyantaiche、chanyunjideng。ciwai,huanshihegongchengjixiejijianzhujixieshiyong,rugaokongzuoyeche、xiaoxingwajueji、xiaoxingzhuangzaijideng,qituiguangyingyongqianjingshifenguangkuo。


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